World leaders meeting in Berlin agree to stop sending weapons fuelling the conflict
Libya’s civil war is now in its sixth year.
A host of countries is involved in providing support to the two sides vying for power; the UN-backed government of Fayez al Sarraj, and the warlord Khalifa Haftar.
At a summit in Berlin on Sunday, world leaders agreed to respect a UN arms embargo, and work towards a permanent ceasefire.
Sarraj and Haftar both attended the talks, but refused to sit in the same room.
However, German Chancellor Angela Merkel believes the meeting helped lay the groundwork for another meeting in Geneva later this month.
So who has the power to stop Libya’s slide further into crisis?
Presenter: Martine Dennis
Issa Tuwegiar – former Libyan Minister of Planning
Virginie Collombier – Professor at the Middle East Directions Programme in the European University Institute
Galip Dalay – Visiting Scholar at the University of Oxford
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In This Story: Libya
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over three million of Libya’s seven million people. The second-largest city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.
Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951. A military coup in 1969 overthrew King Idris I. Parts of Libya are currently split between rival Tobruk and Tripoli-based governments, as well as various tribal and Islamist militias.
Libya is a member of the United Nations (since 1955), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the OIC and OPEC. The country’s official religion is Islam, with 96.6% of the Libyan population being Sunni Muslims.