About This Source - United Nations
The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.
The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.
Recent from United Nations:
United Nations published this video item, entitled “Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, Food Crises/Report & other topics – Daily Briefing (05 May 2021)” – below is their description.
Noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General.
– Central African Republic
– Food Crises/Report
– World Portuguese Language Day
This morning, the Secretary-General spoke at the General Assembly’s interactive dialogue to commemorate and promote the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace.
He said that the most important achievement of the UN system is that there was no Third World War. This has been the first time in history that, for more than 75 years, there has not been a major confrontation among superpowers, he said.
He also noted the UN’s role at the centre of decolonization, and its status as the body where international law and human rights standards are generated.
Similarly, Mr. Guterres said, the UN has been at the centre of the eradication of disease and the reduction of extreme poverty. And that has continued to this day, with the UN playing a lead role in the Paris Agreement to combat climate change and in efforts to ensure vaccine equity in the fight against the coronavirus.
The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) today said that the security situation in Tigray remains unpredictable and volatile, with active hostilities impeding the scale up of operations in rural areas.
Cases of COVID-19 have been reported among displaced people in Mekelle who are living in cramped conditions, with insufficient isolation centres to mitigate a large-scale outbreak. Health challenges include the lack of essential medicines and medical equipment, including oxygen cylinders in Shire, as well as fuel shortages for ambulance services.
Despite these challenges, humanitarian partners continue to try and reach all people that need help in Tigray. As of 29 April, the government, the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Joint Emergency Operation Program had distributed more than 19,000 metric tons of food, reaching 1.1 million people in 35 districts in the region. Last week, an inter-agency humanitarian convoy reached Samre and Gijet towns in the South-Eastern Zone of Tigray, and delivered emergency food, nutrition supplies, as well as non-food items. A health clinic was also set up in Samre Hospital, which remains dysfunctional.
Two hospitals in Adigrat and Axum are now providing psychosocial services to survivors of gender-based violence, with the UN Population Fund providing health kits for the clinical management of rape. In addition, the UN and partners have distributed 19 sexual and reproductive health kits to 8 hospitals and health facilities in 3 rural areas.
The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) warns that additional personnel and funds, as well as unfettered and safe access, are required to scale up to the level needed to respond across the region.
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In This Story: Central African Republic
The Central African Republic, or Centrafrique, is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi) and had an estimated population of around 4.7 million as of 2018.
As of 2020, the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.
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