Healthy Eating & Eating Disorders – Anorexia, Bulimia, Binging | Huberman Lab Podcast #36

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Andrew Huberman published this video item, entitled “Healthy Eating & Eating Disorders – Anorexia, Bulimia, Binging | Huberman Lab Podcast #36” – below is their description.

In this episode, I discuss what drives hunger and satiety, and the role our brain, stomach, fat and hormones play in regulating hunger and turning off the desire to eat more. I also address how protein is assimilated better early in the day than it is later in the day, and why those using intermittent fasting might want to shift their feeding window to earlier in the day.

Then I delve into the topic of disorders of eating: Anorexia Nervosa, where people starve themselves and Bulimia Nervosa where people binge and purge their food. I discuss some common myths about Anorexia such as the role of media images increasing the rates of anorexia and the myth of the “perfectionist” anorexic. I also review the symptoms, and the brain and chemical systems disrupted in this condition. I explain how anorexics become hyperaware of the fat content of foods and develop reflexive habits of fat-hyperawareness. Then I discuss the most effective treatments ranging from family-based models to those that target the habitual nature of low-fat/calorie food choices. I also discuss new more experimental clinical trials on MDMA, Psilocybin and Ibogaine for Anorexia, and both their promise and risks.

I review the latest work on binge eating disorder and brain stimulation, drug treatments and thyroid disruption in Bulimia and why the treatments for Bulimia are so similar to those for ADHD. Finally, I discuss “cheat days,” body dysmorphia and the growing list of novel forms of eating disorders start to finish. As always, science and science-based tools are discussed.

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Links:

Ingesting Protein in the Morning Supports Muscle Maintenance & Growth: https://bit.ly/3DPlms7

Studies Using Virtual Reality to Explore Eating & Hunger & Body Image:

https://bit.ly/3BGaDya

https://bit.ly/2WWGRq8

Timestamps:

00:00:00 Introduction: Fasting, & Defining Healthy Eating

00:08:55 Morning Protein Is Important

00:22:04 Sponsors

00:26:29 Defining & Diagnosing Eating Disorders

00:29:00 Anorexia Nervosa (Overview & Myths)

00:33:44 Bulimia (Overview & Myths)

00:37:35 Binge Eating Disorders, EDNOS, OSFEDS, Pica

00:39:44 What is Hunger? What is Satiety?

00:42:00 Neuronal & Hormonal “Accelerators & Brakes” on Eating

00:46:17 Fat, Leptin & Fertility & Metabolic Dysfunctions in Obesity

00:50:30 Why We Overeat

00:55:30 Homeostasis & Reward Systems/Decisions

00:59:58 Anorexia

01:04:28 The Cholesterol Paradox

01:06:13 Psychological vs. Biological/Genetic Factors in Anorexia

01:09:44 Chemical Imbalances, Serotonergic Treatments

01:12:56 Altered Habits & Rewards in Anorexia: Hyperacuity for Fat Content

01:18:28 Brain Areas for Reward Based Decision Making vs. Habits

01:24:06 Habit-Reward Circuits Are Flipped in Anorexics: Reward for Deprivation

01:28:30 How Do You Break a Habit?

01:33:23 Family Based Models, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

01:35:39 MDMA, Psilocybin, Clinical Trials, Ibogaine

01:40:35 Anabolic vs. Catabolic Exercise, Spontaneous Movements, NEAT

01:43:23 Distorted Self Image in Anorexia

01:47:54 Bulimia & Binge-Eating, “Cheat Days”, Thyroid Hormone

01:53:05 Inhibitory Control, Impulsivity, Adderall, Wellbutrin

01:58:00 Direct Brain Stimulation: Nucleus Accumbens

02:04:28 Anorexia/Reward. vs Bulimia/Binging

02:05:45 Healthy Eating Revisited

02:10:55 Synthesis, Body Dysmorphias

02:14:15 Support: Podcast, & Research Studies

Please note that The Huberman Lab Podcast is distinct from Dr. Huberman’s teaching and research roles at Stanford University School of Medicine. The information provided in this show is not medical advice, nor should it be taken or applied as a replacement for medical advice. The Huberman Lab Podcast, its employees, guests and affiliates assume no liability for the application of the information discussed.

Title Card Photo Credit: Mike Blabac – https://www.blabacphoto.com

Andrew Huberman YouTube Channel

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