Sweden has declassified a number of diplomatic materials relating to the end of Soviet rule in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
On Thursday 17 February, 2011 a seminar will be held to discuss the publication of the documents at the Utrikespolitiska Institutet, Drottning Kristinas väg 37, Stockholm at 17.00-18.30 followed by a reception hosted by the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
400 pages of previously secret government papers are now available in Swedish at: http://issuu.com/utrikesdepartementet
In This Story: Estonia
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In This Story: Latvia
2 Recent Items: Latvia
In This Story: Lithuania
On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to proclaim its independence, resulting in the restoration of the independent State of Lithuania.
Lithuania is a developed country with an advanced, high-income economy. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, eurozone, Schengen Agreement, NATO and OECD. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries, and is classified as a Northern European country by the United Nations.
2 Recent Items: Lithuania
In This Story: Soviet Union
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state (until 1990) governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian SFSR.
The Soviet Union had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917 when the Bolsheviks, headed by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Provisional Government that had earlier replaced the monarchy of the Russian Empire.
On 25 December 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the remaining twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states. The Russian Federation (formerly the Russian SFSR) assumed the Soviet Union’s rights and obligations and is recognized as its continued legal personality.