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Guardian News published this video item, entitled “Yuri Gagarin: Sixty years since the first human went into space” – below is their description.
Sixty years ago, an air force pilot named Yuri Gagarin became the first human being in space, taking the Soviet Union’s own giant leap for mankind and spurring a humiliated United States to race for the moon. Gagarin’s 108-minute mission marked a historic achievement for the Soviet Union, which beat the US in a tight race to launch the first human into space.Guardian News YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Soviet Union
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state (until 1990) governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian SFSR.
The Soviet Union had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917 when the Bolsheviks, headed by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Provisional Government that had earlier replaced the monarchy of the Russian Empire.
On 25 December 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the remaining twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states. The Russian Federation (formerly the Russian SFSR) assumed the Soviet Union’s rights and obligations and is recognized as its continued legal personality.