World Oceans Day, Canada, Ratko Mladic Case & other topics – Daily Briefing (8 Jun 2021)

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The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.


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  • United Nations published this video item, entitled “World Oceans Day, Canada, Ratko Mladic Case & other topics – Daily Briefing (8 Jun 2021)” – below is their description.

    Noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General.


    – Secretary-General

    – Appeals Judgment in the Ratko Mladic Case

    – Canada 

    – South Sudan 

    – Democratic Republic of the Congo  

    – Libya 

    – Myanmar 

    – Uganda/Covid-19 

    – World Oceans Day 

    – Financial Contribution


    Today is World Oceans Day. In his message, the Secretary-General pointed out that the recently issued Second World Ocean Assessment confirmed that many of the benefits that the global ocean provides to humankind are being undermined by our own actions.

    The Secretary-General noted that our seas are choking with plastic waste and overfishing is causing an annual loss of almost $90 billion in net benefits. He also noted that carbon emissions are driving ocean warming and acidification, destroying biodiversity and causing sea level rise that threatens heavily inhabited coastlines.

    The Secretary-General said the theme of this year’s observance, “The Ocean: Life and Livelihoods”, underscores the importance of oceans for the cultural life and economic survival of communities around the world. As we strive to recover from COVID-19, let’s end our war on nature, he said.


    The Secretary-General reacted to the attack that took place in Canada yesterday.

    In a tweet, he said he is appalled by the targeted and heinous attack on a Muslim family in Ontario.

    My heart goes out to the victims, surviving family and loved ones, as well as to the community, he added.

    Mr. Guterres called on everyone to stand united against Islamophobia and all forms of hatred, now more than ever.


    The Secretary-General takes note of the delivery by the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (“Residual Mechanism”) of the appeal judgment in the case of Ratko Mladić, the former commander of the Bosnian Serb armed forces.

    The Secretary-General’s thoughts are with the victims, survivors and their families who have suffered genocide, crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war for which Mr. Ratko Mladić has been found guilty. The Secretary-General calls on all those in position of power to refrain from denying the seriousness of the crimes that have been adjudicated and notes that accountability constitutes an essential step for reconciliation in the region.

    The final judgment in this case against Ratko Mladić, who is one of the highest-ranking officials to be tried by the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia as well as by the Residual Mechanism, is a reflection of the international community’s commitment to international criminal justice and the fight against impunity. It is another vital step towards coming to terms with the past to build a more resilient, secure and hopeful future for all citizens and residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the wider region.

    The Secretary-General expresses his deep appreciation for the dedication and hard work of the judges and the staff involved in this case since 1995, when the first indictment was filed. The United Nations remains fully committed to supporting efforts towards achieving accountability and justice for all.

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    In This Story: Canada

    Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. It extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area.

    Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Canada’s capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

    Various Indigenous peoples inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years before European colonization. The Canada Act 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British Parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government.

    As a highly developed country, Canada has the seventeenth-highest nominal per-capita income globally as well as the thirteenth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index. Its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks.

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  • In This Story: Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in South and Southeast Europe, located within the Balkans. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina is bordered by Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast, and Croatia to the north and southwest. It is not entirely landlocked; to the south it has a narrow coast on the Adriatic Sea, which is about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long and surrounds the town of Neum.

    The inland Bosnia region has a moderate continental climate, with hot summers and cold, snowy winters. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest moderately hilly, and in the northeast predominantly flatland. The smaller southern region, Herzegovina, has a Mediterranean climate and mostly mountainous topography.

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