Sudan’s government has signed a peace agreement with the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) rebel group that forms part of a larger peace plan for Blue Nile and South Kordofan regions.
The Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) has been fighting the government since 2011, just before South Sudan gained independence.
The rebels have been demanding independence or self-rule in Blue Nile and South Kordofan.
Talks between the rebels and the transitional government began last November.
Nearly 400,000 people have been displaced by the conflict.
Al Jazeera’s Hiba Morgan has more.
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In This Story: Blue Nile
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In This Story: South Sudan
It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal meaning “Mountain Sea”.
South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old. The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths.
3 Recent Items: South Sudan
In This Story: Sudan
Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.
Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.