Sudan government signs peace deal with rebel group

Sudan’s government has signed a peace agreement with the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) rebel group that forms part of a larger peace plan for Blue Nile and South Kordofan regions.
The Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) has been fighting the government since 2011, just before South Sudan gained independence.
The rebels have been demanding independence or self-rule in Blue Nile and South Kordofan.
Talks between the rebels and the transitional government began last November.
Nearly 400,000 people have been displaced by the conflict.

Al Jazeera’s Hiba Morgan has more.

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In This Story: Blue Nile

Blue Nile, also known as Abbay is a river originating at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. It is the major tributary of the Nile Basin Watershed and is also referred to as the “Blue Nile” once it is in the territory of Sudan. With the White Nile, it is one of the two major tributaries of the Nile.

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    South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.

    It gained independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011, making it the most recent sovereign state or country with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba.

    It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal meaning “Mountain Sea”.

    South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old. The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths.

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    The Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

    Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.

    Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.

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