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DW News published this video item, entitled “South Sudan still struggling ten years into independence | DW News” – below is their description.
South Sudan is marking 10 years of its independence from Sudan. On July 9th 2011, South Sudan was established as the 193rd country in the world. But the birth of a new nation came with great challenges. And Friday’s anniversary was a somber affair – people were told to stay home due to the coronavirus pandemic.
A decade ago, the people of South Sudan only knew one thing: Celebration. This was their independence day. After more than half a century of civil war with the powerful north, the population of South Sudan voted to secede – by an overwhelming majority – 99% were in favor.
But just 2 years later, civil war broke out again, with ethnic divides fueling the conflict. President Salva Kiir from the majority Dinkas sacked vice-President Riek Machar, from the Nuer. Peace agreements between the two sides came and went. Almost 400,000 people died. Finally, in 2018, Kiir and Machar agreed to form another unity government. In 2020, they were sworn in as president and vice-president.
Yet widespread corruption and violence have hampered efforts to build a functioning country. South Sudan is poor – despite rich natural resources. One third of the population is displaced, 60% are dependent on food aid. Rampant inflation and natural catastrophes make the situation worse. But ten years on, people are still yearning.
After ten years of independence, South Sudan is still very much dependent on outside help – there is little to celebrate in Juba.DW News YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Juba
Juba is the capital and largest city of South Sudan. The city is situated on the White Nile and also serves as the capital of Central Equatoria State.
Juba became the capital of South Sudan in 2011. It is the newest capital city with a population of 525,953 in 2017. It has an area of 52 km (32 mi), with the metropolitan area covering 336 km (209 mi).
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In This Story: South Sudan
It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal meaning “Mountain Sea”.
South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old. The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths.
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In This Story: Sudan
Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.
Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.