About This Source - United Nations
The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.
The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.
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United Nations published this video item, entitled “Security challenges in West Africa – Security Council Briefing (8 July 21)” – below is their description.
Briefing by Annadif Khatir Mahamat Saleh, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS) on the situation in West Africa, during the Security Council, 8814th meeting.
The Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS), Mahamat Saleh Annadif, said security challenges created by “terrorist acts in Liptako-Gourma and in the Lake Chad Basin as well as by crime along the coasts of the Gulf of Guinea must be addressed from a regional perspective because the risks of a joining between the threats from the sea and from the Sahel are real, and the main victims are the civilian populations.”
Addressing the Security Council via teleconference today (08 Jul), Annadif said the Accra Initiative, which brings together Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Togo, is a “laudable example of anticipating this kind of regional approach.”
The UNOWAS chief told the Council that he has been on a regional tour since taking office some two months ago, during which he met with most of the heads of state of ECOWAS member countries, as well as a range national interlocutors and international partners. He said all interlocutors reaffirmed their continued commitment to work in close collaboration with his Office.
Annadif said the challenges in the region related to electoral processes are “mainly the consequence of a lack of political dialogue and above all the lack of consensus on the fundamental principles of the different types of elections.” He said UNOWAS was making efforts , in coordination with the ECOWAS Commission, to improve exchanges between ministers of justice, judicial cooperation and the sharing of experiences between the main actors who should promote the rule of law in the region.
Annadif noted that the UN System is fully mobilized to ensure that development aid efficiently reaches the people of the Sahel through inclusive, sustainable, and people-centred responses. He added that, considering the importance and urgency of addressing climate insecurity, UNOWAS together with some UN Agencies, launched a UN regional working group on climate change, security, environment, and development. With the objective to promote UN synergy and a harmonized approach to working with ECOWAS, He said the working group would contribute to the linkage of local efforts with national and regional policy development.
Turning to the issue of COVID-19, The UNOWAS chief noted that the whole of West Africa and the Sahel have resisted the pandemic rather well, thanks to concerted efforts at the national and regional levels.United Nations YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Benin
Benin, officially the Republic of Benin, is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as Dahomey, the country gained full independence from France in 1960.
It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso to the north-west, and Niger to the north-east. The majority of its population lives on the small southern coastline of the Bight of Benin, part of the Gulf of Guinea in the northernmost tropical portion of the Atlantic Ocean.
The capital of Benin is Porto-Novo, but the seat of government is in Cotonou, the country’s largest city and economic capital. Benin covers an area of 114,763 square kilometres (44,310 sq mi) and its population in 2018 was estimated to be approximately 11.49 million.
The official language of Benin is French, with several indigenous languages such as Fon, Bariba, Yoruba and Dendi also being commonly spoken. The largest religious group in Benin is Roman Catholicism, followed closely by Islam, Vodun (commonly referred to as Voodoo outside the country) and Protestantism.
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In This Story: Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa that covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) and is bordered by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast.
The July 2019 population estimate by the United Nations was 20,321,378. Previously called Republic of Upper Volta (1958–1984), it was renamed “Burkina Faso” on 4 August 1984 by President Thomas Sankara. Its citizens are known as Burkinabé, and its capital is Ouagadougou.
Due to French colonialism, the country’s official language of government and business is French, but this language is spoken by approximately only 10-15% of the population. There are 59 native languages spoken in Burkina, with the most common language, Moore, spoken by roughly 50% of Burkinabé.
The Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community and on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence.
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In This Story: Chad
Chad, officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the south-west, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.
The capital N’Djamena is the largest city. Chad’s official languages are Arabic and French. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Islam (51.8%) and Christianity (44.1%) are the main religions practiced in Chad.
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In This Story: Climate Change
Climate Change is the name commonly given to the notion that the Earth is undergoing a changing climate as a result of human activity, including notable leaders, scientists and naturalists including Sir David Attenborough.
Climate change includes both the global warming driven by human emissions of greenhouse gases, and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns.
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In This Story: COVID-19
Covid-19 is the official WHO name given to the novel coronavirus which broke out in late 2019 and began to spread in the early months of 2020.
Symptoms of coronavirus
The main symptoms of coronavirus are:
- a persistent new cough (non productive, dry)
- a high temperature (e.g. head feels warm to the touch)
- shortness of breath (if this is abnormal for the individual, or increased)
Latest News about Covid-19
Below are stories from around the globe related to the 2020 outbreak of novel Coronavirus – since the WHO gave the Covid-19 naming. Most recent items are posted nearest the top.
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In This Story: Ghana
Ghana means “Warrior King” in the Soninke language.
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In This Story: Guinea
It’s known for the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, in the southeast. The reserve protects a forested mountain range rich in native plants and animals, including chimpanzees and the viviparous toad. On the coast, the capital city, Conakry, is home to the modern Grand Mosque and the National Museum.
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In This Story: Togo
Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan nation, whose economy depends highly on agriculture, with a climate that provides good growing seasons. While the official language is French, many other languages are spoken, particularly those of the Gbe family.