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Bloomberg QuickTake: Now published this video item, entitled “Putin, Macron Call for Ceasefire Between Armenia and Azerbaijan” – below is their description.
Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev vowed to continue a military campaign until Armenian forces leave disputed territory, while Armenia appealed for pressure against Turkey’s involvement in the conflict. As combat raged around the region of Nagorno-Karabakh for a fourth day, Aliyev said Azerbaijan is fighting “on our own soil.” It will stop only when Armenian forces leave Azerbaijani territory, he said Wednesday during a visit to wounded soldiers in the hospital. Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan told Iranian President Hassan Rouhani about Turkey’s role in the hostilities in a phone call Wednesday, the premier’s office said. Armenia’s Defense Ministry stepped up accusations against Turkey of military involvement, accusing Turkish F-16 fighter jets of taking part in operations with Azerbaijani forces over Nagorno-Karabakh. Turkey’s Defense Ministry rejected the allegations as an attempt by Armenia to gain more foreign support in its fight with Azerbaijan. Claims that Turkish warplanes and drones are in action against Armenia are untrue, it said in a statement. Azerbaijan also denied Turkish involvement. Armenian Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan accused Turkey of direct involvement in the conflict in phone talks with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov, according to a Foreign Ministry statement in Yerevan. Lavrov, who also spoke separately with Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Jeyhun Bayramov, repeated calls for a cease-fire and said Moscow was willing to organize “relevant contacts” between the two sides. Russia’s Foreign Ministry said Wednesday it was concerned by reports that “militants of illegal armed groups” from Syria and Libya were being sent to Nagorno-Karabakh and demanded their immediate withdrawal. Armenia has complained that foreign mercenaries are fighting alongside Azerbaijani troops, while Azerbaijan alleges Kurdish militants have joined Armenian forces. The fighting shows no sign of easing, despite a call from the United Nations Security Council on Tuesday for Armenia and Azerbaijan to “immediately stop fighting, de-escalate tensions and return to meaningful negotiations.” China, the U.S. and the European Union have all weighed in with calls for a truce, to little effect. Lavrov and EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell discussed the crisis late Wednesday, including the need for “parties to the conflict and other countries to show maximum restraint,” the Foreign Ministry in Moscow said in a statement. Borrell said on Twitter he spoke with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu about Nagorno-Karabakh and “the importance of de-escalation.” The deepening conflict in the Caucasus region adds to tensions between Russia and Turkey over proxy conflicts in Syria and Libya. Russia has an army base in Armenia and the two nations have a mutual-defense pact, though it doesn’t cover the disputed territory. Azerbaijan hosted large-scale joint exercises with the Turkish military last month. Why Stakes Are Raised in the Azeri-Armenian Conflict: QuickTake Despite decades of U.S., Russian and French mediation to resolve the conflict, fighting has repeatedly broken out since Armenians took control of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding districts from Azerbaijan in a war after the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. The violence that erupted Sunday is more intense and widespread than at any time since Russia brokered a 1994 cease-fire to halt the war that killed about 30,000 and displaced more than a million people. While Russian President Vladimir Putin has urged both sides to halt violence, Moscow has held back so far from any intervention in its former Soviet backyard. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has openly backed Azerbaijan, saying decades of international negotiations over Nagorno-Karabakh had failed. Turkey’s declarations on the conflict are “dangerous,” French President Emmanuel Macron told reporters in Latvia’s capital, Riga, on Wednesday. France “won’t accept any escalatory message” on the crisis, he said. “We will continue to stand with Azerbaijan,” Erdogan’s communication chief, Fahrettin Altun, said on Twitter.Bloomberg QuickTake: Now YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Armenia
Armenia is a nation, and former Soviet republic, in the mountainous Caucasus region between Asia and Europe.
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Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is a French politician who has been President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017. In the legislative elections a month later, Macron’s party, renamed “La République En Marche!” (LREM), secured a majority in the National Assembly. At the age of 39, Macron became the youngest president in French history.
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The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km² and an estimated total population of about 447 million.
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France is a republic and the largest Western European nation. Through expansion and colonisation in the 17th and 18th centuries France became a great power and still retains territories around the world. It has a seat on the UN security council and is the world’s fourth most wealthy country with a high standard of living and strong cultural identity.
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Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
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Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951. A military coup in 1969 overthrew King Idris I. Parts of Libya are currently split between rival Tobruk and Tripoli-based governments, as well as various tribal and Islamist militias.
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Nagorno-Karabakh, also known as Artsakh, is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus, within the mountainous range of Karabakh, lying between Lower Karabakh and Zangezur, and covering the southeastern range of the Lesser Caucasus mountains. The region is mostly mountainous and forested.
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The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state (until 1990) governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian SFSR.
The Soviet Union had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917 when the Bolsheviks, headed by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Provisional Government that had earlier replaced the monarchy of the Russian Empire.
On 25 December 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the remaining twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states. The Russian Federation (formerly the Russian SFSR) assumed the Soviet Union’s rights and obligations and is recognized as its continued legal personality.