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DW News is a global English-language news and information channel from German public international broadcaster Deutsche Welle, established in summer 2015.
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DW News published this video item, entitled “Number of world’s refugees double that of ten years ago | DW News” – below is their description.
The number of people fleeing wars, violence or civil disorder rose again last year even as the coronavirus pandemic brought much of the world to a standstill.
By the end of 2020 there were 82.4 million people forcibly displaced from their homes. That’s according to the United Nations’ Refugee Agency. It is double the number a decade ago.
More than two thirds of those officially recognized as refugees came from just 5 countries. Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar.
Now, for the first time, Pakistan is registering Afghan refugees residing in the country.
Registered refugees are issued a biometric identity card. Many children born here have never been registered at all. It’s hoped the data will give international aid agencies a clearer picture of the needs in the refugee community.
Pakistani authorities have tried to encourage refugees to return home. Families are being interviewed to determine if they are ready to make the move after NATO troops leave Afghanistan. Their new ID cards are only valid until 2023.
They are the “caminantes” or walkers. Millions of them have left Venezuela, fleeing the country’s humanitarian crisis.
Now some of them are going back.
The pandemic and political turmoil in neighboring Colombia has prompted a wave of Venezuelans worn down by economic hardship to make the journey home.
Luis Arias just made it back to Venezuela after walking for two weeks with his family from the Colombian capital, Bogota.
They survived on goodwill along the way but that dried up when they crossed the border. NGOs say that the country needs much more international aid to stave off crippling hunger. Even the aid that does reach Venezuela is hard to distribute. Activists’ efforts are often hampered by fuel shortages, violence, corruption and political meddling.
According to the World Food Program, Venezuela is among the top four countries in the world suffering from food insecurity. And the UN predicts that by the end of the year the Venezuelan diaspora could reach 7 million people making it the second largest migration after Syria. Yet humanitarian aid for Venezuela is at its minimum.
Andreina Bermudez thought about joining the exodus but says the risk was and is too high with young children. Through her eldest daughter’s institute, her family received food and school supplies from UNICEF until December, now they are hoping more aid can restart the program.
To make ends meet this stay-at-home mom relies on what she can find. Today a neighbor has extra eggs for sale, but the supply of cheap food is sporadic.
That is the Venezuela the Caminantes are walking home to. A country still ravaged by economic decline. Its people still struggling to feed themselves, still waiting for international help.DW News YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Afghanistan
Occupying 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi), it is a mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest. Kabul is the capital and largest city. The population is around 32 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks.
3 Recent Items: Afghanistan
In This Story: Colombia
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a transcontinental country largely in the north of South America, with territories in North America. Colombia is bounded on the north by the Caribbean Sea, the northwest by Panama, the south by Ecuador and Peru, the east by Venezuela, the southeast by Brazil, and the west by the Pacific Ocean.
The capital is Bogotá, the country’s largest city. With over 50 million inhabitants Colombia is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse countries in the world. The Republic of Colombia was declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903.
Colombia’s territory encompasses Amazon rainforest, highlands, grasslands, and deserts, and it is the only country in South America with coastlines and islands along both the Atlantic and Pacific.
3 Recent Items: Colombia
In This Story: COVID-19
Covid-19 is the official WHO name given to the novel coronavirus which broke out in late 2019 and began to spread in the early months of 2020.
Symptoms of coronavirus
The main symptoms of coronavirus are:
- a persistent new cough (non productive, dry)
- a high temperature (e.g. head feels warm to the touch)
- shortness of breath (if this is abnormal for the individual, or increased)
Latest News about Covid-19
Below are stories from around the globe related to the 2020 outbreak of novel Coronavirus – since the WHO gave the Covid-19 naming. Most recent items are posted nearest the top.
5 Recent Items: COVID-19
In This Story: Myanmar
2 Recent Items: Myanmar
In This Story: Pakistan
Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.
3 Recent Items: Pakistan
In This Story: South Sudan
It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal meaning “Mountain Sea”.
South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old. The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths.
3 Recent Items: South Sudan
In This Story: Sudan
Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.
Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.