About This Source - CGTN
This story is an English language news item from CGTN. CGTN is a Chinese state-funded broadcaster.
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Since June 2019, Hong Kong has seen more than one year of non-stop protests and unrest. The prolonged disturbance has dealt a serious blow to Hong Kong’s economy and people’s livelihood. Rioters frequently and brutally attacked innocent residents who disapproved of their destructive acts. In 2019, Hong Kong’s economy shrank 1.2%, the first recession in a decade. Excessive unlawful foreign meddling in Hong Kong protests jeopardized the “One Country, Two Systems” principle. Aiming at tackling the growing national security risk, the new national security law for Hong Kong came into force. The law will safeguard Hong Kong’s stability and prosperity as well as residents’ freedoms and rights.
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In This Story: Hong Kong
Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (HKSAR), is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world.
Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after the Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. The whole territory was transferred to China in 1997. As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of “one country, two systems”.