Libya, Afghanistan, ECOSOC & other topics – Daily Briefing (23 June 2021)

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The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.


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  • United Nations published this video item, entitled “Libya, Afghanistan, ECOSOC & other topics – Daily Briefing (23 June 2021)” – below is their description.

    Noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General.


    – Secretary-General

    – Libya

    – Syria

    – ECOSOC

    – Madagascar

    – Afghanistan

    – Central African Republic

    – Peacekeeping

    – Myanmar

    – Refugee Resettlement

    – Widows’ Day

    – Press Encounters


    The Secretary-General arrived in Brussels this morning. He spoke to the press alongside the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, a short while ago. He expressed his deep gratitude and appreciation for the European Union – and the European Commission’s support for the work of the United Nations.

    As we see the rise in populism, racism, xenophobia, and other forms of hatred, Mr. Guterres said that he counts on the European Union to be at the forefront of the battle for what he described as the values of the Enlightenment.

    Following this, the Secretary-General engaged in a conversation with the College of Commissioners of the EU. They discussed a wide range of topics, including climate, sustainable development and pandemic recovery. It was agreed to hold these exchanges on a more regular basis.


    The Secretary-General also spoke, but this time via a pre-recorded message to the opening of the Berlin II Conference on Libya which took place in Berlin. He told the gathered participants that the full implementation of the Ceasefire Agreement is of paramount importance to consolidate peace in Libya. He added that he was encouraged by the continued investment in confidence-building measures by both sides. 

    The Secretary-General said the UN is committed to supporting the Libyan Ceasefire Monitoring Mechanism and that the initial group of UN ceasefire monitors will be deployed to Tripoli soon. 

    He said that we must put an end to all foreign interference, including the full withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries from Libya. He also urged Libyan and external parties to agree on a comprehensive plan, with clear timelines, to achieve this goal, which the UN Mission stands ready to support.

    The Secretary-General urged Libya’s House of Representatives to clarify the constitutional basis for the elections and to adopt the necessary legislation. But he also urged the interim executive authority to provide support, including financial resources, to the High National Electoral Commission.

    Noting the humanitarian challenges, the Secretary-General called on Member States to support the Humanitarian Response Plan which requests $189 million to support the most vulnerable and that is just 21 per cent funded. 

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    In This Story: Afghanistan

    Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast.

    Occupying 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi), it is a mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest. Kabul is the capital and largest city. The population is around 32 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks.

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    The Central African Republic, or Centrafrique, is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

    It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi) and had an estimated population of around 4.7 million as of 2018.

    As of 2020, the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.

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    Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.

    The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over three million of Libya’s seven million people. The second-largest city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.

    Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951. A military coup in 1969 overthrew King Idris I. Parts of Libya are currently split between rival Tobruk and Tripoli-based governments, as well as various tribal and Islamist militias.

    Libya is a member of the United Nations (since 1955), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the OIC and OPEC. The country’s official religion is Islam, with 96.6% of the Libyan population being Sunni Muslims.

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    Myanmar (formerly Burma) is a Southeast Asian nation of more than 100 ethnic groups, bordering India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand. Yangon (formerly Rangoon), the country’s largest city, is home to bustling markets, numerous parks and lakes, and the towering, gilded Shwedagon Pagoda, which contains Buddhist relics and dates to the 6th century.

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