John Hume, ‘architect’ of peace in Northern Ireland, dies

Nobel Peace Prize winner and prominent Northern Ireland politician John Hume has died aged 83.

The former leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) dedicated himself to ending decades of bloodshed in Northern Ireland and was instrumental to the creation of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998.

He took political risks by holding secret talks with Gerry Adams – then leader of Sinn Fein – to lay the foundations for the IRA ceasefire in 1994.

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In This Story: Ireland

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel.

Geopolitically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. As of 2016, 4.8 million people live in the Republic of Ireland, and 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus very moderate, and winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.

A strong Irish culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.

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  • In This Story: Northern Ireland

    Northern Ireland is variously described as a country, province, or region, which is part of the United Kingdom. Located in the northeast of the island of Ireland, Northern Ireland shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland.

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