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Al Jazeera English published this video item, entitled “Is there renewed hope for peace in Libya? | The Stream” – below is their description.
A decade after NATO’s intervention in the Libyan civil war, the country is still struggling from years of chaos complicated by foreign involvement. But a newly sworn-in unity government – the first in seven years – is giving Libya an opportunity to rebuild its institutions and unify the country.
Libya’s interim government faces major hurdles as it prepares to hold presidential and parliamentary elections in December. Although fighting ended last summer and a ceasefire was formalised in October, an estimated 20,000 foreign fighters and mercenaries remain in the country.
For years, Libya was controlled by two competing governments, each backed by different foreign nations that provided military support to warring factions despite an arms embargo.
In this episode of The Stream, we’ll discuss what needs to be done for Libya to heal from conflict and instability.
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In This Story: Libya
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over three million of Libya’s seven million people. The second-largest city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.
Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951. A military coup in 1969 overthrew King Idris I. Parts of Libya are currently split between rival Tobruk and Tripoli-based governments, as well as various tribal and Islamist militias.
Libya is a member of the United Nations (since 1955), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the OIC and OPEC. The country’s official religion is Islam, with 96.6% of the Libyan population being Sunni Muslims.