Two people were killed on Sunday night in Baghdad when security forces opened fire on demonstrators in Tahrir Square.
The deaths are the first protest-related fatalities since Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi came to office.
He has launched an investigation and requested the results within 72 hours.
The incident came amid a surge in small scale demonstrations across southern Iraq calling for better services and electricity.
Al Jazeera’s Simona Foltyn reports from Baghdad
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In This Story: Iraq
Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km (36 miles) on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through Iraq and into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. These rivers provide Iraq with significant amounts of fertile land. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, historically known as Mesopotamia, is often referred to as the cradle of civilisation.
Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of 19 governorates, four of which make up the autonomous Kurdistan Region. Disputes over the sovereignty of Kurdistan Region continue.
Iraq is a founding member of the UN as well as of the Arab League, OIC, Non-Aligned Movement and the IMF.