Iran: Security Council & other topics – Daily Briefing (30 June 2020)

About This Source - United Nations

The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.

 

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  • Noon briefing by Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General.

    Highlights:

    – Secretary-General/Fallen U.N. Staff
    – Secretary-General/Poverty Eradication
    – Syria
    – Sahel
    – Deputy Secretary-General/Africa
    – Security Council
    – Pakistan
    – Mali
    – Human Rights
    – COVID-19/Brazil
    – State Of World Population
    – Pause Campaign
    – Guatemala
    – International Days
    – Financial Contributions

    SECRETARY-GENERAL/FALLEN U.N. STAFF
    The Secretary-General spoke at this morning’s annual memorial service to honour UN personnel who lost their lives in the line of duty. The event was held virtually this year, unfortunately.
    That so many of our colleagues choose to serve where risk prevails is testament to their unstinting commitment to helping the world’s most vulnerable people, who rely on us for peace, shelter, food, vaccinations and so much more, the Secretary-General said.
    He paid tribute to the 77 UN personnel who lost their lives in the line of duty between March 16th and December 31st of 2019. Thirty-eight were military, which underscores the increasingly complex and dangerous work our peacekeepers are asked to perform every day. The Secretary-General said that while three were police, 36 were civilians. They came from 41 countries.
    He said that, this year, when the world is facing the unprecedented upheaval of the COVID-19 pandemic, we are also commemorating 75 years of the United Nations. All around the world, especially in the most fragile contexts, the blue flag of the United Nations symbolizes hope, and hope is part of the legacy of the colleagues we mourn today.
    The Secretary-General stressed that even one death is too many, pledging to continue to ensure that the UN [constantly] reviews and improves our practices related to the safety and care of staff.

    SECRETARY-GENERAL/POVERTY ERADICATION
    The Secretary-General also spoke at the virtual High-Level Meeting on trends, options and strategies in poverty eradication across the world. The event was organized by the President of the General Assembly.
    He added that, after many years of progress, poverty and hunger are on the rise because of COVID-19, which is reversing decades of progress and elevating levels of inequality within and between countries.
    The impacts are falling disproportionately on the most vulnerable – the working poor, women and children, persons with disabilities and other marginalized groups.
    The Secretary-General stressed that we cannot go back to the way things were and that we have an opportunity to create a people-centred economic recovery with decent jobs for all, enabling people to work their way out of poverty. He added that this can only happen if we make the connection between health and healthcare needs, and social, economic and environmental well-being.

    Full Highlights: https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/noon-briefing-highlight?date%5Bvalue%5D%5Bdate%5D=30%20June%202020

    In This Story: Brazil

    Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

    Its capital is Brasília, and its most populous city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states and the Federal District. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas, as well as the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country.

    Its Amazon basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. Brazil is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country.

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    Covid-19 is the official WHO name given to the novel coronavirus which broke out in late 2019 and began to spread in the early months of 2020.

    Symptoms of coronavirus

    The main symptoms of coronavirus are:

    • a persistent new cough (non productive, dry)
    • a high temperature (e.g. head feels warm to the touch)
    • shortness of breath (if this is abnormal for the individual, or increased)

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  • In This Story: Iran

    Iran, also called Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. Its central location in Eurasia and proximity to the Strait of Hormuz give it significant geostrategic importance. Tehran is the capital and largest city.

    Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BC. The Iranian Revolution established the current Islamic Republic in 1979.

    Iran’s political system combines elements of a presidential democracy and an Islamic theocracy. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power and has large reserves of fossil fuels — including the world’s largest natural gas supply and the third largest proven oil reserves.

    The country’s rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Historically a multi-ethnic country, Iran remains a pluralistic society comprising numerous ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups, the largest being Persians, Azeris, Kurds, Mazandaranis and Lurs.

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    Line of Duty is a hit television show, aired in the UK by BBC One.

    Synopsis: “DS Steve Arnott is transferred to the anti-corruption unit after he refuses to participate in a cover-up that involves an innocent man getting shot in a police encounter.”

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    Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres. The population of Mali is 19.1 million. 67% of its population was estimated to be under the age of 25 in 2017. Its capital is Bamako.

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  • In This Story: Pakistan

    Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It has a population exceeding 212.2 million, including the world’s second-largest Muslim population. It has an area of 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles).

    Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

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