Iceland volcano: Lava cascades down slopes after thousands of small earthquakes in recent weeks

Global News published this video item, entitled “Iceland volcano: Lava cascades down slopes after thousands of small earthquakes in recent weeks” – below is their description.

Lava cascaded down a volcano near Iceland’s capital of Reykjavik on Friday after thousands of small earthquakes were felt in the region in recent weeks.

The eruption occurred near Fagradalsfjall, a mountain on the Reykjanes Peninsula, southwest of the capital. About four hours after the eruption, the first on the peninsula since the 12th century, lava covered about one square kilometre, or nearly 200 football fields.

Youtuber Jon Bear captured the huge volumes cascading down the mountain and said on Friday that it was the last day the eruption site could be accessed for filming. The area is now blocked off by streams of cooled, black lava.

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In This Story: Iceland

Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, with a population of 356,991 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle.

Iceland’ gained independence in 1918 and founded a republic in 1944. Although its parliament (Althing) was suspended from 1799 to 1845, the island republic has been credited with sustaining the world’s oldest and longest-running parliament.

Hit hard by the worldwide financial crisis, the nation’s entire banking system systemically failed in October 2008, leading to an economic crisis and the collapse of the country’s three largest banks. By 2014, the Icelandic economy had made a significant recovery, in large part due to a surge in tourism.

Iceland has the smallest population of any NATO member and is the only one with no standing army, with a lightly armed coast guard.

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