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DW News published this video item, entitled “Germany marks 80 years since Nazis invaded the Soviet Union | DW News” – below is their description.
Germany is marking 80 years since the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. The surprise attack on June 22, 1941, would become the biggest and bloodiest front in World War Two, and end in Nazi Germany’s complete destruction. By the end of the war, an estimated 27 million Soviet citizens had died, including fourteen million civilians. From the beginning, “Operation Barbarossa,” as the invasion was called, was conducted as a war of annihilation. The Germans also treated Soviet prisoners of war brutally. The Nazis took some 5,7 million Soviet prisoners of war over the course of four years. They were executed, starved, or died on forced marches from the frontlines. It’s estimated that more than three million Soviet POWs died, making them one of the largest groups of Nazi victims.
And Germany’s president has been marking that somber anniversary in Berlin. Frank-Walter Steinmeier attended a ceremony at the German-Russian museum in the capital. In his speech, Steinmeier addressed criticism from former Soviet Republics, like Ukraine and Belarus, that their millions of victims in World War II were neglected by Germany in the commemoration activities.
President Steinmeier warned that acts of remembrance, if not carried out carefully, could themselves lead to new divisions.DW News YouTube Channel
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Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. With over 83 million inhabitants of its 16 constituent states, it is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.
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The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, it was a one-party state (until 1990) governed by the Communist Party, with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian SFSR.
The Soviet Union had its roots in the October Revolution of 1917 when the Bolsheviks, headed by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Provisional Government that had earlier replaced the monarchy of the Russian Empire.
On 25 December 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the remaining twelve constituent republics emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states. The Russian Federation (formerly the Russian SFSR) assumed the Soviet Union’s rights and obligations and is recognized as its continued legal personality.