Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa that covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) and is bordered by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast.
The July 2019 population estimate by the United Nations was 20,321,378. Previously called Republic of Upper Volta (1958–1984), it was renamed “Burkina Faso” on 4 August 1984 by President Thomas Sankara. Its citizens are known as Burkinabé, and its capital is Ouagadougou.
Due to French colonialism, the country’s official language of government and business is French, but this language is spoken by approximately only 10-15% of the population. There are 59 native languages spoken in Burkina, with the most common language, Moore, spoken by roughly 50% of Burkinabé.
The Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community and on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence.
“Nicolas Haque is an award-winning roving news correspondent based out of Dakar, Senegal. He started working for Al Jazeera in 2008 as a correspondent in Dhaka, Bangladesh, before moving to Senegal in 2013. Previously, he worked in current affairs for ITN, Channel 4 News, BBC Asian Programmes and ABC News in London. A member of the African Foreign Press Association, he holds an MA honours in Anthropology from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.” Source – Al Jazeera English website