Sky News published this video item, entitled “Ethiopia-Tigray conflict: Fragile ceasefire after months of violence” – below is their description.
Ethiopia’s Tigray region has endured months of violence, but a fragile ceasefire agreement between the government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front appears to be holding.
Tigray is located in Ethiopia’s far north, near the border with Eritrea and Sudan.
So far around two million people have been displaced from their homes by the conflict, and thousands have lost their lives.
A ceasefire is now in place so farmers can plant crops, but humanitarian agencies are warning millions may still be facing famine.
Sky’s Africa Correspondent John Sparks reports.
Sky News YouTube Channel
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Sky News is a British free-to-air television news channel and organisation. Sky News is distributed via a radio news service, and through online channels. It is owned by Sky Group, a division of Comcast. John Ryley is the head of Sky News, a role he has held since June 2006.
Eritrea officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa, with its capital at Asmara. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.
Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around five and a half million. Eritrea has nine national languages which are Tigrinya language, Tigre, Afar, Beja, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam, with a small minority adhering to traditional faiths.
Eritrea gained de jure independence in 1993 after an independence referendum. National legislative and presidential elections have never been held since independence.
Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church.
Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.
Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.
The Tigray conflict was an armed conflict that began in November 2020 in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, between Tigray Region special forces led by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) in alliance with Amhara Region special forces.
The conflict stemmed from the attempt of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to distance the country’s politics from ethnic federalism, a power-sharing system giving regional influence to individual ethnic groups, by merging the ethnic and region-based parties of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, which had governed Ethiopia for 30 years, into a nationwide Prosperity Party.