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Al Jazeera English published this video item, entitled “Ethiopia: How to stop rape being used as a weapon of war? | The Stream” – below is their description.
Ethiopia’s six-month-old conflict in its Tigray region has been marked by widespread reports of rape being used as a weapon by the Ethiopian and Eritrean armies, and by forces from the neighbouring Amhara region.
The violence is brutal. There are reports and eyewitness accounts of rocks, nails and other objects being forced inside the bodies of women. There are allegations that men have been forced to rape their own family members or be killed. And aid group the International Rescue Committee has said women are being forced to engage in sexually exploitative relationships for money, food and shelter.
After months of denial and silence, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in March acknowledged that sexual violence was taking place. In a speech to parliament, he called war “a nasty thing” and suggested that troops from neighbouring Eritrea, which has fought on the Ethiopian government’s side throughout the conflict, were also responsible. Abiy, though, pointed the finger at the opposing side in the conflict, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, for creating what he called the “propaganda of exaggeration”.
In April, the United Nations Security Council issued its first joint statement on the crisis, expressing “deep concern” about allegations of human rights violations and sexual violence against women and girls. And last week the US government – a key Ethiopian ally – announced sanctions and visa restrictions on government officials and members of security forces over the atrocities.
In this episode of The Stream, we ask how can the wave of horrific sexual violence be stopped and what accountability for these crimes should look like.
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In This Story: Eritrea
Eritrea officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa, with its capital at Asmara. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.
Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around five and a half million. Eritrea has nine national languages which are Tigrinya language, Tigre, Afar, Beja, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam, with a small minority adhering to traditional faiths.
Eritrea gained de jure independence in 1993 after an independence referendum. National legislative and presidential elections have never been held since independence.
3 Recent Items: Eritrea
In This Story: Ethiopia
3 Recent Items: Ethiopia
In This Story: Rape
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person’s consent.
4 Recent Items: Rape
In This Story: United Nations
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security.
At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; with the addition of South Sudan in 2011, membership is now 193, representing almost all of the world’s sovereign states.