About This Source - RT
The video item below is a piece of English language content from RT (formerly Russia Today). RT is a Russian state-funded broadcaster.
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RT published this video item, entitled “Escaping Ethiopia” – below is their description.
Intensified clashes between the #Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and #Ethiopia’s central government have forced Ethiopians to flee the country at the fastest rate in the 20 years. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees said a full-scale humanitarian disaster is unfolding in Eastern Sudan, with at least 27,000 people having fled over the northern border from Ethiopia. “Women, men and children have been crossing the border at the rate of 4,000 per day since November 10,” UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch said. Sudan already hosts nearly a million refugees from Chad, Eritrea, the Central African Republic and South Sudan. Ethiopian forces reportedly captured two towns in the northern region of Tigray, where troops are loyal to the TPLF. Tigray’s leader said it was a temporary setback and vowed to defeat the government. The nation’s prime minister has claimed his army is now advancing on the Tigrayan capital Mekelle.RT YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Central African Republic
The Central African Republic, or Centrafrique, is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi) and had an estimated population of around 4.7 million as of 2018.
As of 2020, the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.
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The capital N’Djamena is the largest city. Chad’s official languages are Arabic and French. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Islam (51.8%) and Christianity (44.1%) are the main religions practiced in Chad.
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Eritrea officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa, with its capital at Asmara. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.
Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around five and a half million. Eritrea has nine national languages which are Tigrinya language, Tigre, Afar, Beja, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam, with a small minority adhering to traditional faiths.
Eritrea gained de jure independence in 1993 after an independence referendum. National legislative and presidential elections have never been held since independence.
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It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal meaning “Mountain Sea”.
South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old. The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths.
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Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.
Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.