About This Source - United Nations
The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.
The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.
Recent from United Nations:
United Nations published this video item, entitled “Elections Cote d’Ivoire & other topics – Daily Briefing (30 October 2020)” – below is their description.
Briefing by Stephane Dujarric, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General. Highlights: – Secretary-General/Cote D’Ivoire – Central African Republic – Iraq – Viet Nam – Staff Security – Police Officer – COVID-19/Brazil – World Cities Day SECRETARY-GENERAL/COTE D’IVOIRE On the eve of the presidential election in Côte d’Ivoire, the Secretary-General calls on all Ivorians to ensure that the polls are conducted in a peaceful manner. The Secretary-General urges all political and opinion leaders and their supporters to refrain from inciting violence, spreading misinformation and using hate speech. He encourages the authorities, including the security forces, to provide a safe and secure environment and to protect and uphold human rights throughout the electoral process. The Secretary-General strongly encourages the political leaders and their parties to resolve any disputes that may arise through dialogue and he reiterates the commitment of the United Nations to support the country’s efforts to consolidate democratic gains and national cohesion. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC In Central African Republic, today, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, the Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations, wrapped up a three-day visit to the country, as part of a joint mission with Smaїl Chergui, the African Union Commission Peace and Security Commissioner, as well as the President of the Economic Community of Central African States Commission (ECCAS), Gilberto Da Piedade Veríssimo. They met with the President, government officials, and a broad range of civil society actors to discuss the electoral process and the implementation of the Political Agreement signed last year. In a statement issued today, the three called on national stakeholders to promote dialogue and consensus for the holding of peaceful, free, inclusive and transparent elections. They reiterated that the Political Agreement remains the primary framework for restoring and sustaining peace in the country. They also acknowledged progress and invited signatories to redouble efforts to implement the Agreement. The three principals also condemned violence perpetrated by some armed groups against civilian population, humanitarian personnel and UN peacekeepers, calling them to adhere to the Secretary-General’s global ceasefire. They also expressed their solidarity to the people and Government of the Central African Republic in their fight against COVID-19. Mr. Lacroix will travel to Portugal next week, where he will meet with government officials and is scheduled to deliver a keynote address at a conference on the 20th anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325, on women, peace and security. IRAQ In a decision taken independently of the United Nations, the Government of Iraq has announced its intention to close multiple camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) by the end of 2020. Several camp closures and consolidations have taken place within the last several days, and the Government has signaled that more should be expected. We are supporting IDP returns that are safe, dignified, voluntary and sustainable. The UN maintains its mandate to coordinate with the Government on issues of humanitarian assistance, and it is working to ensure that IDPs who have left camps and are returning home have access to necessary support while en route and upon arrival. We are also tracking developments closely and have been in constant communication with the Government of Iraq on planning for longer-term durable solutions for all vulnerable (IDPs) in the country. Full Highlights: https://www.un.org/sg/en/content/noon-briefing-highlight?date%5Bvalue%5D%5Bdate%5D=30%20October%202020United Nations YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Brazil
Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 million people, Brazil is the world’s fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous.
Its capital is Brasília, and its most populous city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states and the Federal District. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas, as well as the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other countries in South America except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent’s land area. Its Amazon basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats.
The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d’état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed.
Brazil’s current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Brazil is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country.
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The Central African Republic, or Centrafrique, is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi) and had an estimated population of around 4.7 million as of 2018.
As of 2020, the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.
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In This Story: COVID-19
Covid-19 is the official WHO name given to the novel coronavirus which broke out in late 2019 and began to spread in the early months of 2020.
Symptoms of coronavirus
The main symptoms of coronavirus are:
- a persistent new cough (non productive, dry)
- a high temperature (e.g. head feels warm to the touch)
- shortness of breath (if this is abnormal for the individual, or increased)
Latest News about Covid-19
Below are stories from around the globe related to the 2020 outbreak of novel Coronavirus – since the WHO gave the Covid-19 naming. Most recent items are posted nearest the top.