Dozens killed in Ethiopia bus attack amid Tigray conflict

Al Jazeera English published this video item, entitled “Dozens killed in Ethiopia bus attack amid Tigray conflict” – below is their description.

Gunmen in western Ethiopia have killed at least 34 people in an attack on a passenger bus. It is not yet known who carried out the attack or whether it is linked to the escalating crisis in the Tigray region in the country’s north, which is now threatening to destabilise the entire region. Tigray’s President Debretsion Gebremichael has confirmed his forces launched rockets into Eritrea and threatened to carry out more attacks. His Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) is now fighting both Eritrean and Ethiopian government forces. But Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed says Ethiopia will achieve its goals by itself. He tweeted that “those who commit crimes against humanity and peace will be held accountable”. Meanwhile, the number of Ethiopian refugees fleeing violence into Sudan has risen to at least 20,000, according to the United Nations. There have also been reports of massacres and ethnic profiling as both sides are accused of atrocities. –

Al Jazeera English YouTube Channel

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In This Story: Eritrea

Eritrea officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa, with its capital at Asmara. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around five and a half million. Eritrea has nine national languages which are Tigrinya language, Tigre, Afar, Beja, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam, with a small minority adhering to traditional faiths.

Eritrea gained de jure independence in 1993 after an independence referendum. National legislative and presidential elections have never been held since independence.

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In This Story: Ethiopia

Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church.

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In This Story: Sudan

The Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.

Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.

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In This Story: Tigray Conflict

The Tigray conflict was an armed conflict that began in November 2020 in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, between Tigray Region special forces led by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) in alliance with Amhara Region special forces.

The conflict stemmed from the attempt of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to distance the country’s politics from ethnic federalism, a power-sharing system giving regional influence to individual ethnic groups, by merging the ethnic and region-based parties of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, which had governed Ethiopia for 30 years, into a nationwide Prosperity Party.

The Egyptian Prime Minister declared victory on 30 November 2020.

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