Despite fertile land, Covid-19 worsens food insecurity in DR Congo

The Democratic Republic of Congo, which cultivates only 10 percent of its arable land, imports almost all of its food. At local markets, the rice comes from Asia, the fish from Latin America and the onions from Cameroon. The result of this reliance on imports is food insecurity. In March, the Covid-19 pandemic and the closure of borders made the situation worse. Commodity prices skyrocketed and some commodities, such as cornflour, are out of stock. And yet, the country has vast agricultural potential. Our correspondents report.

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In This Story: Cameroon

Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon, is a country in Central Africa and West Africa.

Cameroon is home to over 250 native languages spoken by nearly 25 million people. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. In 1960, the French-administered part of Cameroon became independent. The southern part of British Cameroons federated with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The federation was abandoned in 1972. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.

The official languages of Cameroon are French and English. Its religious population consists of 70.7% Christians and 24.4% Muslims. It is governed as a Unitary presidential republic and has good relations with the major powers of France, the United Kingdom and China.

The largest cities in population-terms are Douala on the Wouri River, its economic capital and main seaport, Yaoundé, its political capital, and Garoua.

The country is well known for its successful national football team.

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    The main symptoms of coronavirus are:

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  • In This Story: Democratic Republic of Congo

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Kinshasa, DR Congo, the DROC, or simply either Congo or the Congo, and historically Zaire, is a country in Central Africa. The capital is Kinshasa.

    With a population of over 101 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most-populous officially Francophone country in the world.

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo is extremely rich in natural resources but has suffered from political instability. As of 2018, around 600,000 Congolese have fled to neighbouring countries from conflicts in the centre and east of the DRC. Two million children risk starvation, and the fighting has displaced 4.5 million people.

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    France is a republic and the largest Western European nation. Through expansion and colonisation in the 17th and 18th centuries France became a great power and still retains territories around the world. It has a seat on the UN security council and is the world’s fourth most wealthy country with a high standard of living and strong cultural identity.

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