Desmond Tutu: A strong voice in the fight against HIV-AIDS

Al Jazeera English published this video item, entitled “Desmond Tutu: A strong voice in the fight against HIV-AIDS” – below is their description.

South Africa has long suffered the worst HIV epidemic in the world.

Desmond Tutu understood the importance of religious leaders in the fight against HIV/AIDS.

His family foundation supports programmes that tackle the disease from all sides – whether through youth education or medical research.

Al Jazeera’s Fahmida Miller reports on projects that were close to Desmond Tutu’s heart.

Al Jazeera English YouTube Channel

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About This Source - Al Jazeera English

The video item below is a piece of English language content from Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera is a Qatari state-funded broadcaster based in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.

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In This Story: HIV

The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of Lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that infect humans. Over time, they cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.

Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype. In most cases, HIV is a sexually transmitted infection and occurs by contact with or transfer of blood, pre-ejaculate, semen, and vaginal fluids. Research has shown (for both same-sex and opposite-sex couples) that HIV is untransmittable through condomless sexual intercourse if the HIV-positive partner has a consistently undetectable viral load.

Non-sexual transmission can occur from an infected mother to her infant during pregnancy, during childbirth by exposure to her blood or vaginal fluid, and through breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells.

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