Demonstrators Set Fires in Mexico to Protest Water Payments to the U.S.

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  • Demonstrators in Mexico burned several government vehicles on Wednesday, blocked railway tracks and set afire a government office and highway tollbooths to protest water payments to the United States.

    Mexico has fallen behind in the amount of water it must send north from its dams under a 1944 treaty, but farmers in the northern state of Chihuahua want the water for their own crops.

    President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said on Thursday that the protests were being fanned by opposition politicians for their own motives. He said there was enough water to comply with the treaty and support local crops.

    The president criticized “the attitude of confrontation” and the burning of federal property, and promised “the farmers, the inhabitants will not lack water.”

    The protests appeared to be centered in the town of Delicias, Chihuahua, near one of the dams where water is being released to flow northward.

    Federal forces guarding the dam gates have clashed with protesters in recent weeks.

    Photos from Delicias showed that demonstrators used heavy equipment to drag pickup trucks belonging to the national water commission to nearby train tracks where they were flipped over and and set afire.

    Someone, apparently demonstrators, also set fire to a building where the commission has its offices, and flames ravaged a series of toll booths on a nearby highway.

    Under the 1944 treaty, Mexico owes the United States about 405,000 acre-feet (500 million cubic meters) this year that must be paid by Oct. 24.

    Payment is made by releasing water from dams in Mexico. Mexico has fallen badly behind in payments from previous years and now has to quickly catch up on water transfers.

    The expansion of water-hungry crops has meant that Mexico has used 71% of the northward-flowing Conchos River, when under the treaty it should use only 62% of the water, letting the rest of it flow into the Rio Bravo, also known as the Rio Grande, on the border.

    In the past, Mexico has delayed payments, hoping that periodic tropical storms from the Gulf would create occasional windfalls of water. But while Hanna made landfall in Texas earlier this month, the storm’s rains did not reach far enough inland to fill dams in Chihuahua.

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    In This Story: Mexico

    Mexico is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is the most populous Spanish-speaking nation. Mexico City is its capital city and largest metropolis.

    Mexico became an independent nation state after the successful Mexican War of Independence against Spain in 1821.

    Mexico is a developing country, but has the world’s 15th-largest economy by nominal GDP and the 11th-largest by PPP, with the United States being its largest economic partner. Since 2006, a conflict between the government and drug trafficking syndicates has led to over 120,000 deaths.

    Mexico receives a significant number of tourists every year; in 2018, it was the 6th most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals.

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  • In This Story: United States

    The United States is a country also known as the United States of America, USA, US or just America. There are fifty states in the union, which is a federal republic ruled by a representative democracy. Nearly ten million square kilometres are inhabited by over 300 million people. The majority of Americans speak English.

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