About This Source - United Nations
The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.
The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.
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United Nations published this video item, entitled “CAR ‘is at grave risk of a setback in terms of security and peacebuilding’-Security Council Briefing” – below is their description.
Briefing the Security Council on the situation in the Central African Republic (CAR), the top UN official in the country Mankeur Ndiaye said the CAR “is at grave risk of a setback in terms of security and peacebuilding,” in the aftermath of the elections marred by violence.
The situation in the Central African Republic remains tense weeks after the incumbent President Faustin Touadera won absolute majority in the first round of presidential elections held 27 December last year.
“The only lasting answer to today’s challenges, however, is surely political,” said Mankeur Ndiaye, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the Central African Republic and Head of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic. “The re-election of President Touadéra, in fact, will benefit the Central African Nation only if the new Executive will be able to appease the spirits by building bridges with the political actors of the opposition, as well as with the social layers that they represent. An even more integrated government will be desirable, with the most radical elements replaced by members more involved in peace and reconciliation in the CAR. In addition, a renewed dialogue with the elements of the armed groups who have opted to join the CPC, but who have not committed serious crimes, could be fundamental in moving on a path of reconciliation that can stabilize the country without compromising research. justice and the fight against impunity.”
He also said “the second anniversary of the signing of the Political Accord for Peace and Reconciliation must surely provide a new opportunity to reaffirm the signatories’ commitment to the values contained in the Accord, as well as to revitalize its implementation mechanisms, which will be able to reach their potential only with the full support of all the actors concerned.”
Ndiaye appealed to the Council for an extension of the intermission cooperation which reinforced the MINUSCA capacities with troops and helicopters from the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).
“If the current capabilities of the Mission are to be further tested at the very moment when, more than ever, it must ensure the protection of civilians and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance, seriously impacted by the latest waves of violence and threats from the CPC, we need a strategy to adapt the mandate. In this perspective, a substantial increase in the number of uniformed components of the Mission, namely the Force, the Police and the Prison Service, should allow it to maintain its robust posture while having greater mobility,” he said.
“The Special Representative also said “we need to think about how best the international community – the UN, bilateral partners and regional actors – could collectively support the strengthening of governance and the diligent building of the country’s institutions,” and warned that “the Central African Republic is at grave risk of a setback in terms of security and peacebuilding, which could undermine everything that this Council and the partners of the Central African Republic have helped to build.”United Nations YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Central African Republic
The Central African Republic, or Centrafrique, is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi) and had an estimated population of around 4.7 million as of 2018.
As of 2020, the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.
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It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal meaning “Mountain Sea”.
South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoples, and it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old. The majority of inhabitants adhere to Christianity or various traditional faiths.
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Sudan’s history goes back to the Pharaonic period. Independence from the British was proclaimed on 1 January 1956.
Islam was Sudan’s state religion and Islamic laws applied from 1983 until 2020 when the country became a secular state. The economy has been described as lower-middle income and relies on oil production. Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, African Union, COMESA, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation.
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The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security.
At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; with the addition of South Sudan in 2011, membership is now 193, representing almost all of the world’s sovereign states.