Armenia and Azerbaijan fight over disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region – BBC News

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  • BBC News published this video item, entitled “Armenia and Azerbaijan fight over disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region – BBC News” – below is their description.

    Fierce fighting continues to rage following a flare-up of a decades-old conflict in the Caucasus region of south-eastern Europe. Armed forces belonging to Azerbaijan and Armenia both say they have the upper-hand. At the heart of the conflict is a dispute over control of the mountainous region of Nagorno-Karabakh. It is recognised as part of Azerbaijan, but has been controlled by ethnic Armenians since a war in the 1990s. Tens of thousands of people died during the war and a million others were forced to leave their homes. Other countries are concerned that the latest fighting could spill out of the region and draw in neighbouring powers, including Turkey, Russia and Iran.

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    Iran, also called Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. Its central location in Eurasia and proximity to the Strait of Hormuz give it significant geostrategic importance. Tehran is the capital and largest city.

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    Nagorno-Karabakh, also known as Artsakh, is a landlocked region in the South Caucasus, within the mountainous range of Karabakh, lying between Lower Karabakh and Zangezur, and covering the southeastern range of the Lesser Caucasus mountains. The region is mostly mountainous and forested.

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