United Nations published this video item, entitled “Afghanistan: ‘1/2 population in humanitarian need’ – Press Conference (15 July 2021)” – below is their description.
Press conference by Mr. Ramiz Alakbarov, Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Afghanistan on the situation in the country.
One third of Afghans are experiencing acute malnutrition, while half of the population is in humanitarian need, the UN top official in the country said on Thursday (15 Jul), calling for more funds to aid Afghanistan’s population.
“As we went into the year, we have experienced two specific issues,” Ramiz Alakbarov, the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Afghanistan: told New York based reporters in a virtual briefing. “
One of the issues is a second drought that has hit Afghanistan in the last three years “and the gradual military takeover by the Taliban of more than 170 districts,” causing “large displacements,” according to Alakbarov.
“We have 270,000 homeless people which have moved internally from the rural areas towards the urban centers, regional centers,” said Alakbarov. “We are witnessing, also the deportations and removal, mostly from Iran of large numbers of Afghans.”
The situation in Afghanistan is also becoming more dangerous for the humanitarian workers, who find themselves more and more targeted by violence.
“There is a 30 percent increase in incidents affecting humanitarian workers. 35 humanitarians since the beginning of the year have been killed, 63 injured,” Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator said.
The humanitarian appeal for Afghanistan for this year – USD 1.3 billion – is only 37 percent funded.
“Our plan is to provide assistance to at least 15.7 million people. And right now, it will not be possible without additional contributions,” Alakbarov said.
United Nations YouTube Channel
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The United Nations (UN) was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.
The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his five year-term on 1 January 2017.
Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south; Iran to the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north; and China to the northeast.
Occupying 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi), it is a mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest. Kabul is the capital and largest city. The population is around 32 million, composed mostly of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks.
Iran, also called Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. Its central location in Eurasia and proximity to the Strait of Hormuz give it significant geostrategic importance. Tehran is the capital and largest city.
Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BC. The Iranian Revolution established the current Islamic Republic in 1979.
Iran’s political system combines elements of a presidential democracy and an Islamic theocracy. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power and has large reserves of fossil fuels — including the world’s largest natural gas supply and the third largest proven oil reserves.
The country’s rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Historically a multi-ethnic country, Iran remains a pluralistic society comprising numerous ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups, the largest being Persians, Azeris, Kurds, Mazandaranis and Lurs.
The Taliban or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, is a Deobandi Islamist movement and military organization in Afghanistan, currently waging war within the country. Since 2016, the Taliban’s leader has been Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada.