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DW News is a global English-language news and information channel from German public international broadcaster Deutsche Welle, established in summer 2015.
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DW News published this video item, entitled “2 million people internally displaced: How to stabilize Africa’s Sahel region? | DW News” – below is their description.
Leaders of the so-called G5 West African Sahel nations are meeting in Chad to discuss the region’s security situation. French President Emmanuel Macron and German Foreign Minister Heiko Maass will also participate via videolink. Sahel countries are vulnerable to terrorist attacks and there are widespread allegations of corruption and negligence against governments. The so-called G5 countries of the Sahel include Chad as well as Mauritania, Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso. Germany and the EU have invested billions in development and military aid. But much of the region remains unstable.
That’s led to a sense of frustration at the ongoing mission – due to its high costs and low returns.DW News YouTube Channel
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In This Story: Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa that covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) and is bordered by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Ivory Coast.
The July 2019 population estimate by the United Nations was 20,321,378. Previously called Republic of Upper Volta (1958–1984), it was renamed “Burkina Faso” on 4 August 1984 by President Thomas Sankara. Its citizens are known as Burkinabé, and its capital is Ouagadougou.
Due to French colonialism, the country’s official language of government and business is French, but this language is spoken by approximately only 10-15% of the population. There are 59 native languages spoken in Burkina, with the most common language, Moore, spoken by roughly 50% of Burkinabé.
The Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community and on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence.
2 Recent Items: Burkina Faso
In This Story: Chad
Chad, officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the south-west, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.
The capital N’Djamena is the largest city. Chad’s official languages are Arabic and French. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Islam (51.8%) and Christianity (44.1%) are the main religions practiced in Chad.
2 Recent Items: Chad
In This Story: Emmanuel Macron
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron is a French politician who has been President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017. In the legislative elections a month later, Macron’s party, renamed “La République En Marche!” (LREM), secured a majority in the National Assembly. At the age of 39, Macron became the youngest president in French history.
4 Recent Items: Emmanuel Macron
In This Story: EU
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km² and an estimated total population of about 447 million.
7 Recent Items: EU
In This Story: Germany
Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. With over 83 million inhabitants of its 16 constituent states, it is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial centre is Frankfurt; the largest urban area is the Ruhr.
5 Recent Items: Germany
In This Story: Mali
2 Recent Items: Mali
In This Story: Mauritania
Approximately 90% of Mauritania’s land is within the Sahara; consequently, the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher.
The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country’s 4 million people.
The country’s official religion is Islam, with almost the entire population being Sunni Muslims. Arabic is the official language, with French also widely used due to its colonial history.