CGTN published this video item, entitled “15-million-year-old leaf fossils found in Himalayas” – below is their description.
Chinese paleobotanical researchers have found plant fossils from 15 million years ago at an altitude of 5,800 meters on Mt. Qomolangma during a scientific expedition to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. According to the Chinese Academy of Sciences researchers, these fossils were once alpine oak leaves and tubers of equisetum, which is a plant similar to ferns. These plants cannot grow at such high altitudes and their discovery helps understand the history of land shifts and the evolution of plant diversity around Qomolangma, the highest peak in the world.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, are a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The range has some of the planet’s highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. Over 100 peaks exceeding 7,200 m in elevation lie in the Himalayas.
Tibet is a region in East Asia covering much of the Tibetan Plateau spanning about 2,500,000 km2. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa and Lhoba peoples and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han Chinese and Hui people.
Tibet is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of 4,380 m (14,000 ft). Located in the Himalayas, the highest elevation in Tibet is Mount Everest, Earth’s highest mountain, rising 8,848.86 m (29,032 ft) above sea level.
The Tibetan Empire emerged in the 7th century. At its height in the 9th century, the Tibetan Empire extended far beyond the Tibetan Plateau, from Central Asian’s Tarim Basin and the Pamirs in the west to Yunnan and Bengal in the southeast.
The region declared its independence in 1913 and maintained its autonomy until 1951. Today, China governs western and central Tibet as the Tibet Autonomous Region while the eastern areas are now mostly ethnic autonomous prefectures within Sichuan, Qinghai and other neighbouring provinces.