On 21st January the UN Security Council adopted resolution 1909 supporting the Nepalese government’s request to extend the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Nepal until 15th May 2010. The Representative of the Secretary-General in Nepal Ms. Karin Landgren said:
The Security Council is strongly supportive of Nepal’s peace process and wishes to see it succeed. The Council has called for all parties to move forward swiftly in implementing the agreements reached. During the remaining mandate period, the Government and parties are expected to focus on creating the conditions under which UNMIN’s functions are no longer needed.
Ten years of insurgency by Maoist rebels in Nepal ended with a peace accord and democratic process in 2006. An election in April 2008 created a federal democratic republic which abolished the monarchy. In July 2008 the President was elected. In August 2008 the Maoists formed a coalition government.
In May 2009 the government resigned after the president overruled a cabinet decision to fire the chief of the army staff. UNMIN monitors the military activities and arms management of both sides in order to maintain order and peace.